If you’re feeling frustrated by uneven skin tone – we get it! We’ve been there and are here to help. We’ve done the extensive research and experimentations, so you don’t have to.
However, we won’t exhaust you with a list of every treatment available. Instead, we’ll focus on simple, healthy solutions that help minimize the appearance of uneven skin tone in the comfort of your home. These solutions require little effort but offer BIG results. We’ll uncover basic tweaks you can make in your skincare routine, starting today, so you can be on your way to enjoying brighter, healthier, even-toned skin. So let’s get to it.
What Causes Skin Tone to Look Uneven?
Melanin is the pigment that provides color to the skin. When melanin is unevenly distributed or concentrated in one area, it creates dark spots also known as hyperpigmentation. This causes your skin tone to appear uneven. There are numerous factors that play a role in causing uneven skin tone. Below are some of the most common types of hyperpigmentation.
Common Forms Of Hyperpigmentation:
Photoaging, more commonly referred to as sun damage, is caused by prolonged and repeated exposure to UV light. Your skin produces melanin as a protective response, and when distributed unevenly, it causes dark spots, resulting in uneven skin tone. People typically refer to these darkened areas as sun spots, age spots or liver spots.
Melasma is a form of hyperpigmentation that’s more common in women. It is also known as “the mask of pregnancy,” as its frequently triggered by hormonal changes. Melasma is characterized by dark patches of skin on the chin, cheeks, nose, and upper lip, that can make skin appear blotchy and uneven. This form of hyperpigmentation is further exacerbated by sun exposure.
This form of hyperpigmentation commonly caused by acne or skin trauma. Once a pimple or injury heals, the area afflicted is left with a darker pigment than before. PIH is more common in individuals with darker skin tones but can happen to anyone who experiences trauma to the skin. Even if you get a scratch or an insect bite, melanocytes also known as pigment cells, respond by creating more pigment.
This form of hyperpigmentation is associated with darkening of the skin around the eyes, appearing as dark circle. Also known as periocular hyperpigmentation or periorbital melanosis, Periorbital hyperpigmentation is caused by various factors, including genetics, health and diet.
Uneven Skin Tone: How To Get Rid Of Hyperpigmentation At Home
Regardless of what is causing your skin tone to appear uneven, with just a few tweaks in your skincare routine and diet, you can be on your way to brighter, even-toned, healthier-looking skin. And it’s really not as complicated as you might think. Before you invest in expensive cosmetic procedures or prescriptions, read on for simple ways to achieve an even skin tone.
1. Protect Your Skin From The Sun
Sun exposure is one of the main causes of hyperpigmentation, which can cause age spots, making your skin tone appear uneven. Wearing sunscreen, protective clothing and a hat is the best way to prevent future dark spots and skin damage. Protecting your skin also helps to keep signs of aging, such as fine line and wrinkles at bay.
2. Exfoliate Weekly To Remove Build Up
Regular exfoliation helps to remove buildup of dead skin cells and impurities, which can make your skin tone appear uneven and dull. When you remove dead skin cells and debris from the top layer of your skin through exfoliation, your skin’s ability to reflect light is improved and in return appears brighter and more even. Exfoliation also prepare your skin to receive active ingredients in skincare products, such as brightening vitamins and protective antioxidants. Exfoliation ensures that your products are are able to penetrate your skin and do their job with ease. We recommend staying away from ingredients that cause sun sensitivity or harm the planet, such as exfoliating acids and plastic microbeads. Instead, opt for gentle exfoliants supercharged with antioxidants, such as our superfood exfoliant Polish.
3. Use A Vitamin C Serum To Lighten Existing Dark Spots
Vitamin C is a potent antioxidant that’s considered an A-list ingredient in skincare due to its numerous, research-backed skin benefits. Whether you want to even out your skin tone, clear acne or firm skin, Vitamin C is not to be missed in your routine. Vitamin C serums are an especially effective, gentle and non-invasive way to lighten dark spots. Vitamin C helps to even out skin tone and diminish fine lines and wrinkles, keeping your skin healthy and glowing. However, not all vitamin C serums are created equal. Vitamin C is notoriously unstable and when exposed to air, light and water, degrades at a rapid pace, eventually becoming inactive. Thankfully, due to advancements in cosmetic science there are more stable versions of vitamin C available, such as tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate, found in our Arctic-C Vitamin C Brightening Serum.
4. Apply Antioxidants To Prevent Uneven Skin Tone
At Root Science, we make sure our products are loaded with antioxidant-rich ingredients because research shows that antioxidants are essential for skin health and the more you consume, internally and externally, the better. Antioxidants protect your skin from free radical damage, responsible for premature signs of aging such as hyperpigmentation, which causes your skin to appear uneven.
With daily application, antioxidants not only provide protection, but also support a youthful, healthy appearance. As mentioned above, one of the most sought-after antioxidants in skincare is vitamin C. However, to fully witness the skin transformational powers of antioxidants, you need variety. That’s where natural ingredients such as botanical oils and plant extracts come into play as they contain a variety of antioxidants such as polyphenols, flavonoids, vitamin E, vitamin A, carotenoids, and curcumin. This is one of the reasons we created our proprietary Nordic Antioxidant Complex, which features 4 of nature’s most powerful antioxidants, including Astaxanthin.
5. Remove Photosensitizing Products From Your Skincare Routine ASAP
A word of caution to prevent future hyperpigmentation, aka uneven skin tone: avoid photosensitizing skincare ingredients! Yes, we’re looking at you exfoliating acids and citrus oils! The skincare industry is spitting out new acid exfoliants and facial oils loaded with citrus essential oils, what feels like every day.
Consumers love the instant results from acids and the fresh olfactory experience from citrus oils. However, these do come with the unfortunate side effect of phototoxicity or photosensitivity, meaning your skin is more sensitive to the sun. So, unless you live under a rock and never see the day of light, you are making your skin more susceptible to skin damage, which shows up as dark spots and uneven skin tone. If you’re super diligent and apply sun screen daily, we envy your tenacity, but you are not the norm.
For the rest of us who can barely manage getting enough vegetables into our diet, let alone remember to apply sunscreen daily, we felt it was important to include this word of caution. This is also the reason why we at Root Science, do not formulate with photosensitizing ingredients. We understand that people have busy lives and don’t have time to deep dive on the side effects of every skin care ingredient. That is unless you are an ingredient nerd like us.
6. Eat Foods That Support Skin Health
What you eat affects your overall health, which means that it also affects your skin health. Consuming unhealthy food that is fried, processed and loaded with sugar and inflammatory oils can create a domino effect of reactions within the body that can negatively affect your skin. This is why it’s so important to eat a healthy diet rich in organic, whole foods such as fresh fruits and vegetables. A simple trick to ensure you’re eating healthy is to avoid buying packaged foods and sticking to the outer aisles of your grocery store, where they keep fresh food, helping you avoid temptation. We recommend reading up on the basics of an anti-inflammatory diet to help you choose foods that support your skin health.
The Bottom Line
As much as skin irregularities such as an uneven skin tone can be bothersome, let us kindly remind you that when it comes to your skin, a healthy dose of acceptance is good for the mind, body and soul. We should not aim for perfection or unrealistic results, after all, skin is a living organ and imperfections are normal signs of a life lived. However, that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t care for your skin in the best way you can. So next time you cleanse your face or apply your vitamin C serum, repeat after us “I am beautiful just as I am.” Because you really are!
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Disclaimer: The views expressed in this blog are based on personal opinion and experience accumulated over the numerous years of being the in the natural skin care industry. The intent of this site is to present information and advice based on personal opinion and experience, and may differ with the experience of those reading this blog. The views and products expressed are not intended to treat, cure or prevent any disease.
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